Taekwon-do has 24 patterns. This is because General Choi believed that the life of a man was but a day in the life of the universe. General Choi said "Here I leave Taekwon-do for mankind as a trace of man in the late 20th century. The 24 patterns represent 24 hours, one day or all my life."

DEFINITION OF TUL (Pattern): Tul is a series of offensive & defensive movements set in a logical sequence against one or more imaginary opponents.

Historically Correct
Meaning of Patterns
from 9th Kup to 6th Degree

Chon-Ji means literally 'The Heaven The Earth'. It is in the orient interpreted as the creation of the world or the beginning of human history. It is therefore the initial pattern played by the beginner. It has two similar parts, one to represent the Heaven, the other to represent the Earth.

Chon-Ji has 19 movements.
Junbi Jase - Narani Junbi Sogi

Dan-Gun is named after the holy Dan-Gun the legendary founder of Korea (2333 BC)

Dan-Gun has 21 movements.
Junbi Jase - Narani Junbi Sogi

Do-San is the pseudonym of the patriot Ahn Chang-Ho (1878-1938) who devoted his entire life to furthering the education of Korea and its independent movement. The 24 movements represent the age he rose to prominence as a leader of his countrymen.

Do-San has 24 movements.
Junbi Jase - Narani Junbi Sogi

Won-Hyo was the noted monk who introduced Buddhism to the common people of the Silla Dynasty in the year 662 A.D.

Won-Yo has 28 movements.
Junbi Jase - Moa Junbi Sogi 'A'

Yul-Guk is the pseudonym of a great philosopher & scholar Yi I, nicknamed the confucious of Korea  (1536-1584). The 38 movements represent his birth place on 38 degrees latitude & the diagram represents scholar.

Yul-Guk has 38 movements.
Junbi Jase - Narani Junbi Sogi

Joong-Gun is named after the patriot Ahn Joong-Gun who assassinated Hiro-Bumi Ito, the first Japanese Resident-General of Korea, known as the man who played the leading part in the Korea-Japan merger. Ahn Joong-Gun was executed at Lui-Shung prison in 1910 aged only 30 years old.

Joong-Gun has 32 movements
Junbi Jase - Moa Junbi Sogi 'B'

Toi-Gye is the pen name of the noted scholar Yi Hwang (16th century), an authority on Neo-Confucianism. The 37 movements represent the years that he was one of the most influential government figures of the Joseon Dynasty241, the diagram represents "scholar".

Toi-Gye has 37 movements.
Junbi Jase - Moa Junbi Sogi 'B'

Hwa-Rang is named after the Hwa-Rang youth group, which originated in the Silla Dynasty in the early 7th century. The 29 movements refer to the 29th Infantry Division, where Taekwon-do developed into maturity.

Hwa-Rang has 29 movements.
Junbi Jase - Moa Junbi Sogi 'C'

Choong-Moo was the name given to the great Admiral Yi Soon-Sin of the Joseon Dynasty. He is credited with improving what is reputed to have been the first armoured battleship (Kobukson) in 1592, which is said to be the precursor of the present day submarine. The 30 movements of this pattern represent the number of ships Choong-Moo destroyed (out of a fleet of 333), with only 13 of his own ships, at the battle of Myeongnyang. The reason why this pattern ends with a left hand attack is to symbolize his regrettable death, having no chance to show his unrestrained potentiality, checked by the forced reservation of his loyalty to the king.

Choong-Moo has 30 movements.
Junbi Jase - Narani Junbi Sogi

Kwang-Gae is named after the famous Kwang-Gae-Toh-Wang, the 19th King of the Koguryo Dynasty, who regained all the lost territories including the greater part of Manchuria. The diagram represents the expansion and recovery of lost territory. The 39 movements refer to the first two figures of 391 A.D. the year he came to the throne, as well as the age he was when he passed away.

Kwang Gae has 39 Movements.
Junbi Jase - Narani So Hanul Son (Parrallel Stance with Heaven Hand)

Po-Eun is the pseudonym of a loyal subject Chong-Mong-Chu (14th Century) who was a famous poet and whose poem "I would not serve a second master though I might be crucified a hundred times" is known to every Korean. He was also a pioneer in the field of physics. The diagram represents his unerring loyalty to the king and country towards the end of the Koryo Dynasty.

Po-Eun has 36 movements.
Junbi Jase - Narani So Hanul Son

Ge-Baek is named after Ge-Baek, a great general in the Baek Je Dynasty who was killed in battle in 660 A.D. following a final stand to protect the Dynasty against overwhelming Silla forces. The diagram represents his severe and strict military discipline.

Ge-Baek has 44 movements.
Junbi Jase - Narani Junbi Sogi

Choong-Jang is the pseudonym given to General Kim Duk Ryang who lived during the Joseon Dynasty, 16th century. This pattern ends with a left-hand attack to symbolize the tragedy of his death at 29 in prison before he was able to reach full maturity.

Chong-Jang has 52 Movements.
Junbi Jase - Moa Junbi Sogi 'A'

Eui-Am is the pseudonym of Son Byong Hi, leader of the Korean Independence movement on March 1, 1919. the 45 movements refer to his age when he changed the name of Dong Hak (Oriental Culture) to Chondo Kyo (Heavenly Way religion) in 1905. The diagram (I) represents his indomitable spirit, displayed while dedicating himself to the prosperity of his nation.

Eui-Am has 45 Movements.
Junbi Jase - Charyot Sogi, Hands Clenched

KO-DANG (Replaced by Juche)
Ko-Dang is the pseudonym of the patriot Cho, Man Sik, who dedicated his life to the Korean Independence Movement and to the education of his people. The 39 movements of the pattern show the number of times he was imprisoned

Kodang has 39 Movements.
Junbi Jase - Closed Ready Stance 'C'

Juche is a philosophical idea that man is the master of everything & decides everything, in other words, the idea that man is the master of the world & his own destiny. It is said that this idea was rooted in Baekdu Mountain which symbolizes the spirit of the Korean people. The diagram represents Baekdu mountain.

Juche has 45 Movements.
Junbi Jase - Parallel Stance, forefists to hips

KO-DANG (Juche performed but called Ko-Dang).
Formerly known as Juche, this pattern was devised in order to bolster the ITF’s development. The name represents the first leader of North Korea. The 45 movements represent 45 degrees; the change in direction required at the time to fulfil the requirements needed and the diagram represents the forked path taken.

Sam-Il denotes the historical date of the independence movement of Korea which began throughout the country on March 1, 1919. The 33 movements in the pattern stand for the 33 patriots who planned the movement.

Sam-Il has 33 movements
Junbi Jase - Moa Junbi Sogi 'C'

Yoo-Sin is named after General Kim Yoo Sin, a commanding general during the Silla Dynasty. The 68 movements refer to the last two figures of 668 A.D., the year Korea was united. The ready posture signifies a sword drawn on the right rather than left side, symbolizing Yoo Sin's mistake of following his Kings' orders to fight with foreign forces against his own nation.

Yoo-Sin has 68 movements
Junbi Jase - Warrior Ready Stance 'B'

Choi-Yong is named after General Choi Yong, premier and commander in chief of the armed forces during the 14th century Koryo Dynasty. Choi Yong was greatly respected for his loyalty, patriotism, and humility. He was executed by his subordinate commanders headed by general Yi Sung Gae, who later became the first King of the Lee Dynasty.

Choi-Yong has 46 movements
Junbi Jase - Closed Ready Stance 'A'

Yong-Gae is named after a famous general during the Koguryo Dynasty, Yong Gae-Somoon. The 49 movements refer to the last two figures of 649 A.D. the year he forced the Tang Dynasty to quit Korea after defeating nearly 170,000 of their troops at Ansi Sung.

Yon-Gae has 49 movements
Junbi Jase - Warrior ready Stance 'A'

Ul-Ji is named after General Ul-Ji Moon Dok who successfully defended Korea against a Sui invasion force of over a million soldiers led by Yang Je in 612 AD, Ul-Ji employing hit and run guerrilla tactics, was able to decimate a large percentage of the force. The diagram represents his surname. The 42 movements represent the author's age when he released the pattern.

Ul-Ji has 49 movements
Junbi Jase - Parrallel stance with X-back hand

Moon-Moo honours the 30th King of the Silla Dynasty. His body was buried near Dae Wang Am (Great King's Rock). According to his will, the body was placed in the sea "where my soul shall forever defend my land against the Japanese." It is said that the Sok Gul Am (Stone cave) was built to guard his tomb. The Sok Gul Am is a fine example of the culture of the Silla Dynasty. The 61 movements in this pattern symbolize the last two figures of 661 A.D. when Moon Moo came to the throne.

Moon-Moo has 61 movements
Junbi Jase - Parrallel Ready Stance

So-San is the pseudonym of the great monk Choi Hyong Ung (1520-1604) during the Joseon Dynasty. The 72 movements refer to his age when he organized a corps of monk soldiers with the assistance of his pupil Yu Jeong. The monk soldiers helped repulse the Japanese invaders who overran most of the Korean peninsula in 1592.

So-San has 72 movements
Junbi Jase - Closed Ready Stance 'A'

Se-Jong is named after the greatest Korean King, Se-Jong, who invented the Korean alphabet in 1444, and was also a noted meteorologist. The diagram represents the king, while the 24 movements refer to the 24 letters of the Korean alphabet as it is now used today.

Se-Jong has 24 movements
Junbi Jase - Closed Ready Stance 'B'

Tong-Il denotes the resolution of the unification of Korea which has been divided since 1945. The diagram symbolizes the homogenous race.

Tong-Il has 56 movements
Junbi Jase - Parallel Stance with an Overlapped Back Hand

Section 3
Some of the meanings you read here are different from the original versions, repeated over and over. This is because these definitions have been thoroughly researched to be historically accurate for the book -
From Creation To Unification: The Complete Histories Behind the
These definitions are revised versions of the  original definitions that General Choi left us, trying to keep as close as possible to the originals as General Choi first wrote them. These revised definitions include both corrections, as well as additional information gained from my research for the above book, which I feel elevate and add to the definitions for the future.

Whilst I would love you to purchase the actual book and learn the complete histories (as General Choi wanted), I have released these here as copyright free
** and you are welcome (and encouraged) to use these definitions in your own syllabus’s or web site, as the correct history is even more important in my opinion.

** For non-commercial work only. Commercial works may use them but must acknowledge this book and its author.
If you are interested in the book, please click one of the pictures above for more information on it.